Monday, May 25, 2020
When you thought of what college would be like, you probably didnt think about it being boring. Despite all the activity that takes place on a college campus, there can be times when things do get a wee bit slow. So what can you do to help pass the time? 1. Walk to a New Part of Campus If you need something to do, one of the best ways to find something exciting is to step outside and see whats going on. Put on a pair of comfy shoes, grab your phone, and head outside to explore a part of campus youve never visited before. You just might stumble across a few friends playing rugby, a cool new part of campus where you can study, or an art exhibit that piques your interest. 2. Head to the Gym Dont feel like working out? Hitting the gym might be just the pick-me-up you need to get some energy, refocus your priorities, and pass some time. Plus, youll get exercise and the health benefits to boot. 3. Join or Start a Pick-up Game If things are a little slow on campus, chances are you arent the only one looking for something to do. Head to the gym, see who else is hanging out, and start a pick-up game. Youll burn calories, meet some new people, get some exercise, and pass the timeÃ¢â¬âwhile possibly earning bragging rights. 4. Read Something for Fun It may sound crazy given how much reading you do in college anyway, but think about it: When was the last time you read a gossip magazine just for fun? Or caught up on the latest news about your favorite sports team?Ã Head to the bookstore or a local supermarket and, for a few bucks, treat yourself to some fun, easy reading that doesnt require you to take notes. 5. Do Homework in a New Location Consider this, would you rather work on your homework when youre bored or when there are tons of fun, exciting things going on that you dont want to miss? Finding a new study location can also help make doing your homework feel less tedious. A new environment can do wonders for your focus, outlook, and productivity. 6. Hang out in Your Residence Hall Lobby Your residence hall common area might seem like a place that you just pass through on the way to and from your room every day. If you time it right, you can head down, enjoy the extra space, perhaps watch a game on the TV, and meet some new people or hang out with ones you already know. It can be a nice way to do something new in a place that already feels familiar. 7. Watch a Game in Person If youre bored on campus, see if theres a game scheduled. Choose a sport you havent seen in person before. Watching rugby, soccer, softball, lacrosse, or water polo can be a great way to spend an afternoon. 8. Watch a Game on TV or the Internet So, things on campus are a little slow and boring. Grab some friends, head to the dining hall, pick up some snacks and drinks, and watch the game on TV or on the computer in your room. It might not be as exciting as watching the game in person, but it can be a great way to pass the timeÃ¢â¬âespecially if the weather outside is far from ideal. 9. Go to an Event Youve Never AttendedÃ The chances of absolutelyÃ nothingÃ happening on your campus at any given point in time are pretty slim. The problem might be, however, that the things that are going on just arent on your radar. Challenge yourself to step outside of your comfort zone and attend an event that youve never gone to before. 10. Go to a Cultural Event off Campus Cant find anything to do on campus? Check out the local entertainment listings of whats happeningÃ offÃ campus. AÃ poetry slam, art fair, music festival, or someÃ other event can be just what you need to turn a boring day into a memorable one and get familiar with your new city at the same time. 11. Go to a Museum off Campus Youre in college because you enjoy learning new things and living an intellectual life. Take that smarty-pants brain of yours and go learn something new at a museum exhibit in town. Viewing something new and exciting from a certain time period, artist, photographer, or sculptor can be a great learning experience. If youre lucky, you can even use what you learned as bonus points in an upcoming class assignment. 12. Call and Catch up With a High School Friend Things can get so busy in college that it can be difficult toÃ keep in touch with your high school or hometown friends. When was the last time you had a nice, long phone call with a friend you knew before you left for college? If you have some free time and are a little bored, use the break to your advantage and catch up with an old friend. 13. Hang out in the Campus Coffee Shop The campus coffee shop offers far more than just your favorite kind of coffee. It can be a good place to get some work done, surf the Internet, people watch, or otherwise just hang out. And if youre bored, it can be a great place to get a change of scenery without spendingÃ too much money. 14. Grab Some Friends and Head to a Movie off CampusÃ If you use yourÃ student discount, you can catch a new movie, have some social time, get off campus, and mentally check outÃ from the stress of college lifeÃ for a few hoursÃ¢â¬âall at a discounted price. 15. Grab Some Friends and Watch a Movie OnlineÃ If the weather is bad but you need something to do, grab some friends and stream a movie in someones room. Even if its a horrible movie, you and your friends will have something to laugh about. 16. Do Something CreativeÃ For students lucky enough to have a creative streak, the time to relax and make something just for fun is rare. Turn a boring afternoon into one of those moments when you can let your creativity flow without having to worry about your upcoming assignment. 17. Crank up the Music and Organize Your Life Use a free (read: boring) afternoon to do all the things you dont want toÃ doÃ but actually need to getÃ done. Do your laundry,Ã clean upÃ your room, organize your paperwork, make sure yourÃ calendar/time management systemÃ is up to date, and generally get yourÃ to-do listÃ done. Cranking up the music (or watching a movie) can help make the tasks go faster. The way youll feel when everything is done will be well worth it.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Introduction Construction Management is not a new idea. The function of the Construction Manager is to work on behalf of the owner to complete a project within the plans and specifications provided. In the last few years construction practices have changed dramatically. Technology, materials, government bureaucracy, financing, design, and engineering have all advanced. With the complexity of the construction process increasing, owners demand accountability and accurate guidance during the entire planning and construction process. The importance of project management to construction derives from the nature of how the industryÃ¢â¬â¢s business activities are conducted. Project managers in construction are responsible for the overall success ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Whilst these factors are sometimes different to the generic model, there is more that they have in common. Many of these have important implications for the role of project managers in the industry. According to J.M . Kamara, G. Augenbroe, C.J. Anumba, P.M. Carrillo, (2002) Project management (PM) is now recognized as a core business concern and intellectual assets play a vital role in gaining competitive advantage. Within the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry, where the need for innovation and improved business performance requires the effective deployment and utilization of project knowledge, the need for strategic knowledge management is also being acknowledged. This paper reviews various initiatives for PM in order to assess the extent to which it is being implemented in the AEC sector. Contextual issues are identi. ed, and the findings from two research projects are used to assess current strategies for PM in AEC firms. These studies show that effective knowledge management requires a combination of both mechanistic and organic approaches in an integrated approach that incorporates both technological and organizational/cultural issues. The paper concludes with recom mendations on how this could be achieved in practice. Statement of the Problem There are a number of common obstacles to project completionShow MoreRelatedManagement for Built Environment964 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSubject : MANAGEMENT FOR BUILT ENVIRONMENT Ã¢â" ª Course : B.SC (HONS) CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT Ã¢â" ª Subject Code : ECM3134 Ã¢â" ª Subject Status : Major Ã¢â" ª Semester : 1 Ã¢â" ª Assessment : 50%=Final Examination; 50%=Coursework Lecturer Details Ã¢â" ª Lecturer : Jeffrey Lee Sheu Tiong Ã¢â" ª HP/Tel : 019 2728655 Ã¢â" ª E-mail Address : firstname.lastname@example.org Learning Material Main Text : G Cole, Ã¢â¬Å"Management Theory and PracticeÃ¢â¬ Read MoreThe Algeria East West Highway Essay1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesis a motorway construction project in Algeria, with most construction completed by 2015. The project of a six-lane highway across Algeria was launched in 2007, and is claimed to be one of the largest public works projects in the world. 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(1999) has argued that oftentimes changes in design and scope in addition to time frames or schedules are considered the most common risks for the construction sector based on the study conducted. As the constr uction project progresses there s bound to be changes in scope or design whichRead MoreDesigning A Building Construction Project1281 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDate: 03/02/2016 Importance of Configuration Control in a Building Construction Project Introduction Fundamentally, construction projects can be viewed as grouped collections of information and data that require convenient and appropriate storage, organization and distribution to those needing them. Configuration control comes across as a means of signifying changes between the updated and previous version of prints and drawings. In the current paper, I will reflect on the importance of configurationRead MoreStatement of Purpose for Education Leading to a Career as Construction Project Manager689 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageswill help bridge the gap between dreams and reality. It is my aspiration to lead a successful construction-based firm and to be a one of the top entrepreneurs of my country. Without proper intellectual and practical skills and their suitable implementation, it is difficult to achieve such a high profile position. My pursuit for the above encouraged me to apply to the Construction Engineering and Management program. My decision to opt for Civil Engineering was result of my desire to contribute somethingRead MoreEssay about project Planning873 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Week 4 Hand in assignment Project planning is intended to structure a foundation for the execution and control phase of a project. When a project is properly planned out project success usually becomes imminent (Zwikael, 2009). Evidently, the importance of planning is illustrated in the article: Ã¢â¬Å"Benchmarking of project planning and success in selected industriesÃ¢â¬ by (Zwikael Globerson, 2006) as it indicates the evaluation of project planning quality across several different industriesRead MoreConstruction Of A Construction Field723 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThere are many ways to start in a construction field. Depending on if the individual has absolutely no background in anything that has to do with the construction business, or if the individual has a bachelor/masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in a construction, management, or HVAC/R field. There is always a point where someone can start and get going in the field. There are great aspects of certain areas in the field to where someone could be interested in. One of the top career overview sections that are mentioned
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
As society progresses in the advancement of technology, science, self-efficiency, the dichotomy of church and state increases in its separation. However, these advancements do not delete the moral dilemma man faces daily. Man no longer looks towards a higher power as a source of reason, truth, and morality, but rather looks to him/herself, basing their decisions on fallible human reasoning. Modernism, as the dominant worldview, is now the source of explanation, relying on human reasoning as the reference point in all areas of life, including vocation and business practices. Modernism is a reflection of manÃ¢â¬â¢s search of meaning and purpose. The modernism worldview carries over into various areas of disciplines. Today, a business manager, with a modernist worldview, may dictate the way s/he runs a business and resolves ethical dilemmas in the marketplace. Our worldview encompasses reality, knowledge, and morality, and forms the parameter in which man bases understanding. In a bus iness journal on ethics Ã¢â¬Å"According to modernism, reality, knowledge, and morality are founded in science, human reasoning, and objective evidenceÃ¢â¬ (Kim et al. 116). Modernist base their epistemology on a cause and effect relationship, either from experimentation or history, modernist look to see if an action produces good results and, if so, therefore it is good. The nature of external reality, metaphysics, to a modernist is nothing but what one can see with their eyes, as Ã¢â¬Å"modernism holds thatShow MoreRelatedCritique Of - Applying Ethical Theories: Interpreting and Responding to Student Plagiarism, Journal of Business Ethics1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Manchester Metropolitan University Business School Research Methods Assessment 1: Critical Writing (15%) Granitz, N. and D. Loewy (2007), Applying Ethical Theories: Interpreting and Responding to Student Plagiarism, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 72, pp 293-306. Summary Plagiarism in todays Ã¢â¬Å"copy and paste generationÃ¢â¬ is an unremitting, complex issue that is not yet fully understood. The paper responds to this proposition with a thesis that understanding the ethical reasoning providedRead MoreThe Importance Of Management And The Success Of A Company1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagescompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s form alliances with upstream and downstream firms, using sophisticated marketing management strategies which ensures highly efficient logistics to the success of a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s business process which maximizes profit (Sarkar, Echambadi, Harrison, 2001). The integrity of a company as in regards to the formal codes of ethics has had a dramatic increase in global industrial economy, because of the downfall of large organizations and repeated instances of corporate misconduct. There has been a reformRead MoreEssay on What is Cheating and Why Cheating is Bad?1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Introduction - What is Cheating and Why Cheating is Bad? In this paper, we discuss how academic dishonesty in general and what role if any, the structure and teaching of courses Ã¢â¬â as a part of business management curriculum in particular Ã¢â¬â plays, in curbing that dishonesty. Cheating can be defined as any act of academic dishonesty and is encountered in various forms. There has been extensive research [Whitley, 1998] to analyze fraudulent exercises- especially in undergraduate school setting. 72%Read MoreThe Implications Of Business Ethics For Human Resource Management1457 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof business ethics for human resource management? Explain the potential role(s) of human resource managers in the ethical conduct of business. Provide examples where appropriate. Essay The concept of business ethics is gaining more and more attention from many different organisations. Business ethics relate to the ethical judgments of what is right and wrong in an organisation (Sparks et al. 2010, p.2). Human resource management in particular, demonstrates the implications of business ethics throughRead MoreSales Ethics Is an Oxymoron1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIs Sales-Ethics an Oxymoron? Globalization highlighted the ethical issues and concerns for every individual organization, multinational organizational conduct their operations under ethical code of conduct to confine the issues faced by unethical conducts. Many organizations such as pharmaceutical firms, technological firms and financial firms pay more attentions to ethical behavior to ensure the sales to consumers have been impeccably ethical. However managers pay attention to behavioral ethicalRead MoreEthics As A Key Term Essay939 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesKEY TERM and WHY YOU ARE INTERESTED IN IT This paper will discuss ethics as a key term in cross boarder business. This topic is of interest because ethics are present in every dayÃ¢â¬â¢s activities. For Christians, ethics is an important concept because it represents the image of the creator, God. As ambassadors of His world, Christians have the responsibility to edify others by living a moral and ethical life style. In the business field, the values and moral principles of individuals differ dependingRead MoreImportance of Ethics in International Business1541 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesImportance of Ethics in International Business Executive Summary Ethics in the business world is important and global. EthicsÃ indicate what is right and what is wrong inÃ business branches and also lead employees and stakeholders with moral values. Due to the globalization of markets and production processes, business people have to deal with ethical issues in cross-cultural settings at an increasing number. The purpose of this paper is to explain the importance of international business, emphasiseRead MoreSituations Leading to Unethical Practices and Behavior in Accounting810 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesbe tolerated in any company regardless of its mode of ownership ADDIN EN.CITE Tang20031598(Tang Chiu, 2003)1598159817Tang, Thomas Li-PingChiu, Randy K.Income, Money Ethic, Pay Satisfaction, Commitment, and Unethical Behavior: Is the Love of Money the Root of Evil for Hong Kong Employees?Journal of Business EthicsJournal of Business Ethics13-304612003Springer01674544http://www.jstor.org/stable/25075086( HYPERLINK l _ENREF_4 o Tang, 2003 #1598 Tang Chiu, 2003). One of the reasons for unethical
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theBMC Pregnancy and Childbirthfor Body Tissues. Answer: Introduction Obesity is a health condition caused by excessive fat deposition in the body tissues, and organs consequently causing an alteration in the normal physiology of the affected tissues and organs. The body mass index is the standard marker used to classify obesity, an individual with greater than thirty kilograms per meter squared is termed as an obese person. For children, obesity is considered when the body mass index is greater than the 95th percentile for children of the same age and gender. The trend regarding the change of lifestyle in the world has immensely contributed to a high prevalence rate of obesity worldwide. Obesity is a complex and chronic disease and it is prevalent across socio-demographic. For example, in the United States obesity has been considered as the most prevalent disease of children and adolescents. However, morbidities that are linked to obesity have been recorded mostly in adult, significant consequences of obesity, as well as the antecedents of adult disea se occur in obese children and adolescents as suggested by (Gurnani et al., 2015). Causes of Obesity Obesity can be caused by different factors that are related to genetics, nutrition, and dietary practices and the lack of participation in physical activities. The lack of active participation in physical activities and sedentary life has been cited as one of the causes of obesity. For example, research findings have revealed that individuals who are actively involved in physical activities have a low risk of developing obesity as suggested by (Deliens et al., 2015).Therefore, the active involvement of an individual in physical activity has been associated with weight loss, a lot of energy is spent as a result of increased metabolic rate leading to calorie depletion (Catenacci et al. 2007). Dietary factors that include consumption of food rich in high calories, consumption of food that are made up saturated fats, trans-fat and consumption of sweetened drinks have been directly linked to a high prevalence rate of obesity. However, reduced intake of saturated fats, increased intake of fruits, and vegetables and regular intake of breakfast has been associated with reduced cases of obesity. As a result, different governments have developed different interventions programs that promote nutritional education among the most vulnerable groups within the population. For example, the research findings have established a relationship between nutritional health education and reduction prevalence of obesity among individuals within the population according to (Sassi et al., 2010). Genetics has also been identified as an etiology of obesity, this is due to a very rare defect in the function of a particular gene that is directly involved in the leptin-melanocortin regulation pathway (Gurnani et al., 2015). The gene affected include melanocortin receptor and leptin gene. Endocrine factors have also been associated with obesity. For example, there has been a high level of leptin hormone that is produced in the adipose tissue that acts on the hypothalamus leading to weight regulation. Therefore, conditions such as hypothyroidism, Cushing syndrome, and growth hormone deficiency have been associated with the occurrence of obesity. Effects of Obesity Obesity can negatively affect the health of an individual, and financial implications. For example, in the United States, it is estimated that 20 percent of the money allocated to department of health is spent on the management and treatment of obesity. There are different Comorbidities that occur as a result obesity. There is an association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity. The functions of insulin hormone are greatly affected by the occurrence of obesity. This is evidence in conditions such as metabolic syndrome that is defined by insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and abdominal obesity among others. For example, a study conducted by (Gurnani et al., 2015), revealed that 29.2 percent of the children suffering from metabolic syndrome were found to be obese. At the same time, obesity has also been associated with dyslipidemia, this condition is characterized by fatty streak found within the coronary arteries and the aorta, it caused by deposition of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) along the vessel of the aorta and coronary arteries. Moreover, hypertension develops due to fat depositions on the blood vessel walls leading to the narrowing of the blood vessels hence whenever the blood is pumped through such narrowed bloo d vessel there is increased blood pressure. This can lead to the death of the patients is there is no immediate treatment. Atherosclerosis that is caused by deposition of fat along the artery walls leading to their hardening is also a condition that is associated with obesity. Fat deposits in the hepatocytes can lead to defect in the liver physiology causing dangerous conditions such hepatomegaly and eventually inflammation of the liver. This conditions can be marked and diagnosed by raised level alanine aminotransferases enzyme, the disease has been associated with obesity. The relationship between obesity in mental health status is an area that has elicited a lot of research interest. Findings from different research have revealed a bidirectional association between obesity and mental health condition of the individuals (Tronieri et al., 2017). For example, the findings of the research conducted by (National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey [NHANES], 2010), revealed that women with obesity were at high risk of depression as compared to women who were not suffering from obesity. At the same time, there is evidence that linking the effects of obesity to the low reproduction. For example, several studies have associated obesity to sub-fertility, and findings from the research have established that 6-9 percent of women on their reproductive age suffers from ovulatory infertility among them half are obese (Poromaa, 2015). Therefore, the practice of bariatric surgery among the women in the childbearing age has increased (Edison et al., 2016). According to (Poromaa, 2015), the occurrence of obesity the women on their reproductive year increases the risk of low fertility rates, a prolonged time is taken to conceive, increased chances of miscarriage, and other pregnancy complications. Obesity has been associated with stigma among the pregnant women (Moussa et al., 2016; Arden et al., 2014). Conclusion Obesity is caused by a number of different factors. Therefore, it is necessary for individuals to take part in the implementation of intervention programs and policies that have been formulated by the government to stop the prevalence of obesity. Intervention programs that focus on the promotion of physical education, nutritional education and behavioral changes should be adopted to help stop high prevalence of obesity within the communities. Moreover, policies that are advocating for stoppage of discrimination of obese individuals should be emphasized. The government at the same time should put more effort in developing public policies that promote that recognizes and encourages participation of individuals and the community to help in reducing obesity. References Arden, M. A., Duxbury, A. M., Soltani, H. (2014). Responses to gestational weight management guidance: a thematic analysis of comments made by women in online parenting forums.BMC pregnancy and childbirth,14(1), 216. Catenacci, V.A. and Wyatt, H.R., 2007. The role of physical activity in producing and maintaining weight loss.Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology Metabolism,3(7), pp.518-529. Edison, E., Whyte, M., van Vlymen, J., Jones, S., Gatenby, P., de Lusignan, S., Shawe, J. (2016). Bariatric Surgery in Obese Women of Reproductive Age Improves Conditions That Underlie Fertility and Pregnancy Outcomes: Retrospective Cohort Study of UK National Bariatric Surgery Registry (NBSR).Obesity Surgery,26(12), 2837-2842. Gurnani, M., Birken, C., Hamilton, J. (2015). Childhood obesity: causes, consequences, and management.Pediatric Clinics of North America,62(4), 821-840. Martinez, J. A. (2000). Body-weight regulation: causes of obesity.Proceedings of the Nutrition Society,59(03), 337-345. Moussa, H. N., Alrais, M. A., Leon, M. G., Abbas, E. L., Sibai, B. M. (2016). Obesity epidemic: impact from preconception to postpartum. Poromaa, I. S. (2015). Effect of obesity on human reproduction.Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica,57(1), K3. Sassi, F., Devaux, M., Church, J., Cecchini, M. and Borgonovi, F., 2009. Education and obesity in four OECD countries. Tronieri, J. S., Wurst, C. M., Pearl, R. L., Allison, K. C. (2017). Sex Differences in Obesity and Mental Health.Current Psychiatry Reports,19(6), 29. World Health Organization. (2010). Defining the problem of overweight and obesity. In: Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Geneva:
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Attachment Theory And Risk Assessment Social Work Essay Example Attachment Theory And Risk Assessment Social Work Essay Attachment Theory And Risk Assessment Social Work Essay Associating Theory, Research, and Practice: Risk-Assessments and Child Protection. The primary end of this paper was to broaden my cognition and understanding around the theory, research, policies, and processs steering risk-assessment determination devising within child protection service. Persons and group identified as at-risk- , for one or more countless grounds have been the wide focal point of a decennary s worth of academic and professional purists. Although the initial concern for all at-risk person remains, practical and academic experiences have narrowed the range to include kids under the age of 12, at risk- of, or presently shacking out-of-home-care arrangements ( afterlife referred to as attention environments ) . Of all at-risk- populations, I believe these kids are the most vulnerable to negative results in the close and distant hereafters. Substantiated allegations of kid maltreatment1 are responsible for 80 % of kid protection probes, and preceded out-of-home attention arrangements of at least 90 % of the current care-population ( Gough, 2000 ; Wiley, 2009 ) . For several helpless old ages, I witnessed the annihilating effects for those kids that child protection services failed. When child protection workers would describe risk-assessment consequences, I was repeatedly astonished by results, which failed to take from unhealthy place environments. Consequently, I developed an involvement in lending factors in risk- appraisal. To convey the complexness of viing factors that influence risk-assessment results, the undermentioned subdivision provides some brief background information about kid protection services and extra information around the risk-assessment procedure. Background Canada s Child, Family, and Community Services Act ( CFCS ) ( 1996 ) , is the major beginning of information that guides each state in the development, ordinance and execution of kid protection services. Recent amendments to the Canadian Criminal Code ( 1985 ) , such as the controversial ) legal duty to describe suspected child abuse/maltreatment, provide extra legal guidelines. In British Columbia ( BC ) , the Ministry of Child and Family Development ( MCFD ) , is responsible for supervising the quality and bringing of Child Protection Services. Independent agreements exist between the MCFD and 24 separate Aboriginal kid protection Agencies. National estimations suggest that on any given twenty-four hours, more than 67 000 Canadian kids ( 9.2 kids per 1000 ) will be populating in out-of-home attention ( Garrison, 2004 ; Gough, 2007 ; Trocm, Tourigny, MacLaurin, A ; Fallon, 2003 ) British Columbia`s part to this figure represents 1 % of the province`s kids, although a disproportional sum of these kids are Aboriginal2. Approximately equal Numberss of females ( 48 % ) and males ( 52 % ) live in attention scenes with a combined mean age of 9.0 old ages ( Child and Youth Officer for British Columbia, 2005 ; Connolly, 2007 ; Hardiker, Exton A ; Barker, 1991 ) . Risk-assessment and Decision Making Out-of-home attention environments chiefly refer to kinship attention ( household member ) , foster attention, and residential/group attention installations, independent or assisted life installations, and formal institutionalization ( e.g. , infirmaries or mental wellness establishments ) ( Rosen 1999 ; Trocm et Al, 2003 ; Waechtera et Al, 2009 ) . Child in short-run attention ( expecting a lasting arrangement ) consist 40 % of this population, and the staying 60 % represents kids in long-run attention arrangements ( lower limit of five uninterrupted old ages ) ( Fisher, Burraston, A ; Pears, 2005 ; Kelly A ; Milner, 1996 ; Solomon, 2002 ) . Research has identified countries of important concern associated with each of these environments, including but non limited to child ill-treatment from health professionals, isolation, unequal Foster parent showing, preparation, hapless rearing accomplishments, negative equal influences, aberrant equal bunch, and instability ( Garrison, 2004 ; Okagaki A ; Luster, 2005 ; Rosen, 1999 ; Solomon, 2002 ) . Risk-assessment refers to the determination doing procedure of kid public assistance workers look intoing the possible dangers associated with a kid s primary attention environment ( Connolly, 2007 ; Kelly A ; Milner, 1996 ) . Typically, these appraisals are intended to formalize allegations of child ill-treatment ( Gilbert et al. , 2009 ; Wiley, 2009 ) . Despite the high bets associated with each of these results, there are no mandated procedural criterion associated with the appraisal procedure. This appraisal is a mostly subjective opinion or rating of the badness of possible injury to the kid ( Drury-Hudson, 1999 ) . There are three possible results of a hazard appraisal matching to perceived badness of the hazard and age of the kid ( see Figure 1 ) . Family Development Response ( FDR ) is likely when the risk- is considered high, yet manageable through intercessions that target adult behaviors. If the hazard is moderate or higher ( and the kid is old plenty ) Youth Services Response may be considered. When the risk- is immediate, and severs, the lone available resort is to get down a kid protection probe. Child Protection: Goals Child protection services are one manner that kids s rights are enforced and upheld and to the addition the likeliness of the kid to develop the features ( personality and behavioural ) associated with success and wellbeing in maturity. The intended intent of kid protection is to safeguard kids from immediate and future injury. The focal point of most protection probes is on the attempts and ability of health professionals to supply a supportive environment that does non endanger the safety and well-being of the kid, and promotes cognitive, physical, and emotional developmental procedure ( Waechtera et al. , 2009 ) . Unfortunately, these ends seldom achieved. When compared to non-care population, research probes systematically describe kids in attention as more aggressive, antisocial and are more likely to show pathological and or job behaviors ( Chamberlain, 2003 ; Simms, Dubowitz, A ; Szilagyi, 2000 ; Rosen, 1999 ) . Additionally, kids in attention are four times as likely ( 65 % of kids in attention ) to be diagnosed with one or more clinical mental wellness status ( e.g. , Oppositional Defiance Disorder, Reactive Attachment Disorder, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, A ; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder ) ( Three, 2001 ; Provincial Health Officer of BC, 2001 ; Wiggins, Fenichel, A ; Mann, 2007 ) . Furthermore, kids in attention are prescribed more pharmacological interventions ( e.g. , Ritalin ) for longer periods, at higher doses ( Vitally, 2001 ) . The intent of this paper is to analyze theoretical and empirical support for the patterns associated with the risk-assessment procedure and results. Attachment Theory has been extensively applied within societal services patterns and research. Direct mentions to Attachment Theory are found throughout pattern guidelines for kid protection services. Attachment Theory Attachment Theory has traditionally been regarded as the theoretical span between early childhood development research and clinical societal work patterns ( McMillan, 1992 ) . The influence of Attachment Theory within kid protection services is permeant to the point of being identical ( Byrne, 2005 ; Haight, Kagle, A ; Black, 2003 ) . Harmonizing to Attachment Theory, critical, developmental periods in the first old ages of life where the quality of a child-caregiver fond regard relationship is important for wellness development ( Bowlby, 1999 ; Bretherton, 1992 ) . Bowlby believed that the critical map of the parent-child fond regard relationship was the formation of an internal working theoretical account that formed the footing for womb-to-tomb forms of interpersonal behaviors and shaped all facets of later formed relationships ( Bacon A ; Richardson, 2001 ) . Attachment Theory and Child Protection Practices: Summary of Research It is apparent that Attachment Theory has exerted considerable influence upon kid protection patterns ( Axford, Little, Morpeth, A ; Weyts, 2005 ; Schore A ; Schore, 2008 ) . Child protection guidelines often and specifically mention to Attachment Theory when depicting theoretical support for recommended patterns ( Bacon A ; Richardson, 2001 ; Trevithick, 2000 ) . For illustration, practicians guidelines recommend that when kid public assistance workers respond to allegations of maltreatment, the risk-assessment should see the manner of the fond regard relationship between a kid and female parent, and equilibrate the effects of interrupting a unafraid fond regard against the effects of perceived risk- ( Harris, 2009 ; Simms et al. , 2000 ) . Consistent with cardinal renters of Attachment Theory, the importance of familial relationships is emphasized throughout policies and patterns, including the showing of adoptive parents ( e.g. the recommendation that kid public assistance work ers assess adoptive parent in footings of the attachment potency ) , child detention findings, curative support ( i.e. , Family focused therapy ) , and risk- appraisal ( Barth, Crea, John, Thoburn, A ; Quinton, 2005 ; Lopex, 1995 ; McMillen, 1992 ) . Moderate grounds indicates that under specific conditions, there is empirical grounds to back up appraisal of fond regard relationship ( Axford et al. , 2005 ; Byrne, OConnor, Marvin, A ; Whelan, 2005 ) . These conditions include hazard appraisal affecting babies and/or kids less than two twelvemonth of age, handiness of high quality alternative attention environment, usage of standardised fond regard steps ( i.e. , Ainsworth s Strange Situation trial ) and sufficient clip available for a lower limit of two appraisal chances ( OConnor A ; Byrne, 2007 ) . Unfortunately, there appears to be small research support for the above recommendations in all but the specific conditions described above. Recent research indicates that cardinal elements of Attachment Theory are frequently misinterpreted by practicians and unsuitably applied to state of affairss that contradict research recommended parametric quantities ( Holland, 2001 ) . No grounds links manner of fond regard with a class of action in risk- appraisal ( Barth et al. , 2005 ) . Practitioner guidelines seem to exaggerate the extent of empirical support warranting usage of attachment appraisal in high bets decision-making procedures ( Connolly, 2007 ; Trevithick, 2000 ) . Extra concerns have been raised around a concerning inclination in the attachment research to pull unsupported decisions, an erroneous usage of correlational research designs ( vs. experimental ) , inappropriate usage of appraisal methods, dismissing environmental confounds, a deficiency of respect for extra-familia l relationships, and a inclination to impute jobs to lacks in rearing ( Harris, 2009 ; Solomon, 2002 ) Final Remarks Overall, Attachment Theory is consistent with the household focal point of kid protection patterns, nevertheless, there is no grounds associating this model with improved long-run results. Reported benefits and related successes appear to happen about indiscriminately, and rare, and frequently are limited to unrealistic illustration of attention environments that in no manner stand for the much harsher world. There appears to be a demand for practician instruction to better their apprehension and reading of Attachment Theory. It appears there is besides a demand to set up standardised appraisal processs, including the development and debut of research validated assessment tool. As it presently exists, the scope, badness, and prevalence of developmental jobs noted among kids in attention, the high fiscal costs to society, the deficiency of intercession schemes, and the 20 old ages of negative growing, are undeniable grounds of our blue failure as a society to protect our most vulnerable members ( Chamberlain, 2003 ; Farruggia, Greenberger, Chen, A ; Heckhausen, 2006 ; Okagaki A ; Luster, 2005 ; Sims, Dubowitz, Szilagy, 2006 ) .
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Transformation in the US Military - Essay Example Transformation of US military Introduction Since the 9/11 attacks, the US military has taken an active part in the political and global military activities for the US and for the international community. Inasmuch as it is considered one of the most powerful and advanced military units in the world, its vulnerabilities have been manifest in recent years. With the trends in globalization taking the spotlight, the need to introduce changes and to transform the military has been a growing concern. Efforts to transform the military have been seen in the past years and these efforts have had various effects in the way that the US military has implemented these changes. This paper shall now consider two of these efforts to transform the US military. One of these efforts is the effort to improve diversity and multiculturalism in the military. Another effort is on improvements in the coordination and cooperation with other countries in terms of military operations and issues of unrest. This a nalysis will compare and contrast these efforts and will identify two or three key factors that led to the perceived or actual need to transform, two of three key policies enacted to effect desired transformation, and the leading forces that shaped policies pursued in order to achieve the transformation. Discussion Efforts to increase diversity and multiculturalism in the US military have been implemented by the government.... This segregation created different issues, including racial confrontations within the military between 1942 and 1945 (Canaday, 2001). Despite passage of policies against segregation after WWII, this practice was still seen during the Korean War; however gradual integration was seen towards the end of the Korean War. Through this practice, the US army saw that combat effectiveness became more effective when racial integration was applied. The Secretary of War in 1963 set forth command responsibility for civil rights issues and in order to address racial tension, the military conceptualized the Defense Race Relations Institute (Canaday, 2001). This institute performed educational, training, and research functions. This institute was renamed Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute and it broadened the readiness of military readiness in terms of gender, race, ethnicity, and religion (Canaday, 2001). Colin PowellÃ¢â¬â¢s rise as the premier first African-American Secretary of Stat e and his rise to his current status is a testament to effective solid efforts towards diversity within the military. A major factor affecting transformation of the US military in terms of diversity is the fact that the US military has made an effort towards integrating racial, ethnic, religious, and national groups into the military practice (Canaday, 2001). Many leaders recognized the fact that with more contact between whites and blacks, the better it was for racial integration. Moreover, the military has Ã¢â¬Å"a bureaucratic ethos and formalityÃ¢â¬ ¦that mitigated tensions arising from individual or personal feelingsÃ¢â¬ (Canaday, 2001). The military was also able to hold the commanders responsible for equal